摘要：對目前國內酒店集團的發展所存在的內在和外在的障礙及國內酒店集團的發展對策進行探討，認為國內酒店集團需要有明確的發展戰略，應通過轉變經營觀念、增強實力、主動開拓等克服內在障礙，同時以進取精神、示范效應推動酒店業整體的觀念轉變和經營體制的改革，以消減外在障礙，求得集團的發展。%Based on the analysis of the obstacle and solution of the development of the hotel company groups, the article points out that the hotel company groups should change the managing idea.
摘要：It is necessary to study specific periods or topics of contemporary Chinese literary history,which will lead to improving, enriching and deepening the general literary history of contemporary China.Literary creation during the Great Leap Forward is an accessary of that political compaign. This essay touches upon topics such as basic themes of the literature during Great Leap Forward, the alienation of the Great Leap Forward literature, and reflections upon literature during the Great Leap Forward.%大躍進文學表現出鮮明的時代特色，文學創作違背藝術規律，以群眾運動的形式來從事詩歌創作，小說、戲劇、散文等出現了粗制濫造的急就章，內容上以表現個人崇拜、歌頌人民群眾改天斗地決心和“三面紅旗”為主，人物類型化，結構公式化，語言普泛化，以空洞的說教代替了形象思維。大躍進文學徹底政治化，喪失了藝術的品性。
摘要：作為歐盟一項重要政策，地區政策在歐盟內部一直有爭論。論辯的焦點問題有三個，即在成員國政府已有自己的地區政策的情況下，是否有必要建立歐盟單獨的地區政策，歐洲一體化對地區問題是否有影響，歐盟的某些政策措施是否妥當?？疾爝@些論辯，有助于人們認識這一政策的重要性與復雜性，對于我國目前正在實施的西部大開發戰略亦可提供借鑒和啟迪。%Regional policy has always been controversial within EU as an important problem. The first point at issue is whether EU should have a separate regional policy running alongside the regional policies operated by each of the member state governments. This is followed by one whether economic integration can affect regional disparities. Another one is whether EU regional policy has a dysfunctionality.
摘要：By positive method this paper analyzes the changes of temple fair in Shaanxi. Originally, people organized temple fairs to thank God. Later, with the development of market economy, the temple fair changed from folk cultural activities into social economic exchange activities between towns and rural areas.It played an increasingly fundamental matket role in agricultural resources allocation.%采用實證研究的方法，對明清以來陜西廟會活動的內容變化進行分析。認為由于商品經濟的發展，使陜西廟會從原先酬神報賽的民俗文化活動轉變為溝通城鄉物質交流、調劑余缺的社會經濟活動，并對農業資源配置日益發揮基礎性市場的作用。
摘要：認為創業投資等同于風險投資，發展創業投資基金等觀念上的誤區以及相關法律政策環境、資本市場環境等的不完善，無疑會延緩甚至阻礙我國創業投資的發展。因而，必須對觀念誤區進行剖析，實現對創業投資內涵理解的明晰化，并從法律、資本市場和人文環境等方面入手，培育適合創業投資生存和發展的環境土壤。%As a new-born financial tool in china, rapid and healthy development of venture capital is influenced by many factors. Among these factors, people's proper understanding of venture capital and a suitable growing environment are very important. In this paper, emphasis is put on discussing the five main improper viewpoints while developing venture capital, and current barriers to the growth of venture capital in China are deeply analyzed from the law, the capital market, the government's dominant position and the information service network, etc.
摘要：The entire Mao Zedong′s literature ideology is solely based on the mind of the people,the way Mao worked it never breaks the frame of people related literature. His ideology is actually people-oriented literature ideology in terms of Chinese feature.%毛澤東文藝思想的整個內容，都建立在人民的一元論基點之上；其全部運思，都凝定在文藝與人民關系的一元化框架之內。這一文藝思想，如果就其中國特色而言，乃是一種以人民為本位的文藝思想。
摘要：To train a well-cultivated generation of juveniles, we can learn from the essence of the country′s traditional ethic. For this purpose, we should adhere to four principles of integration:the training of individual character and social responsibility, the developing of a sense of dignity and a quality of truth-seeking and national integrity, the fostering of a vigorously enterprising spirit and a value of producing achievement in society; pursuing moral perfection and all-round personal development.%如何培育當代青少年的人格，中國傳統倫理道德中有關人格培育的精華可資借鑒。在人格培育中，應該堅持個性人格的培育同社會責任感的培育相統一；堅持做人尊嚴感的培育與追求真理、做有民族氣節之人的培育相統一；堅持剛健有為的進取精神的培育與在社會群體中建功立業，實現人生價值的培育相統一；堅持追求道德完善與人的全面發展的培育相統一。
摘要：In the Ming dynasty,the local governments became a hotbed of corruption. The policies of the court forced the local officials to collect extra taxes, resulting in the facts that bribery became a black hole that could never be filled and the covetous petty officials manipulated the local administration. Then, the downfall of the Ming Dynasty came from the brutality and bribery of the local governments.%明代州縣處于官僚和社會矛盾夾擊的兩難境地，是吏治腐敗的滋生溫床。國家政策的逼迫和自身利益的誘導，使催科賦稅虐民過甚；饋送賄賂和過客索要，成為填不滿的黑洞；進士舉監分途，對州縣吏治消極影響極大；獄訟的黑暗和吏胥鄉官生員對政務的干涉，形成地方政治的嚴重弊害。明朝之亡，根源在于州縣的殘暴和貪賄。
摘要：通過對以往西安事變研究歷程、成果狀況及發展前景的扼要評述，強調指出環境的寬容和心靈的自由是學術創新的兩個基本條件，以及加強史學理論修養和積極同現實對話的重要意義，側重從歷史觀與方法論的高度，倡導開展西安事變的實證研究和綜合研究。%Through the past brief comment on the research course and results in the Xi′an Incident, this article emphatically points out that the tolerance to the environment and the freedom of the soul are the two fundamental conditions for academic creation. And at the height of the conception of history and the methodology, this article should offer a proposal that the substantive and comprehensive research ought to be carried into the research course in the Xi′an Incident.
摘要：用歷史唯物主義的觀點剖析了20世紀初美國進步運動的背景、起因和對美國社會的影響。表面上看，這場進步運動的政治目的是反對腐敗的政治機器，更新管理機構使其充滿活力，經濟目標是使大企業置于公眾控制之下以保護中產階級、小商人和消費者的利益,其實質卻是少數人利用進步力量維護自己的利益。其最大問題是對黑人處境的漠視。%This thesis analyses the historical background, causes and the impact of American social reform movement in the first two decades of the twentieth century with the view point of historical materialism. It seems that the broad political aim of the Progressive Movement was to renew the vigor of administrative institutions by fighting against corrupt political machines and eliminating the phenomena of embezzlement and corruption and its economic goal was to subject big business to public control to protect the interests of the middle class, the small businessmen, and the consumers. But the crux of the matter was to protect the interests of minority. The biggest problem of the movement was that the plight of the blacks was largely ignored.
摘要：隨著社會改革的深入發展，人們越來越深刻地認識到監督機制在社會主義市場經濟體制運行過程中的重要作用。它不僅是完善體制，落實法制的重要中介環節，而且是從根源上制約腐敗現象的根本舉措。本文從兩種不同的民主制約機制的視角分析論證體制、機制、法制的內在統一性和建構有中國特色的民主監督制約機制的必要性和重要性。%With the development of social reformation, people recognize that the mechanism of supervising and restricting plays a more and more important role in the socialist market economy system. It is not only the important link between the legal system practicing and institution system developing, but also the basic act of restricting the social corruption on root. The essay analyzes the constitutive unity of the institution system, running mechanism and the legal system by the point of two different kinds of democratic restricting mechanism and stresses the necessity and importance of constructing the democratic restricting mechanism with Chinese characteristics.
摘要：The identity of the Chinese Americans of USA is a ma jor theme of Chinese American Literature.By demonstrating the different roles th e Chinese culture plays in Chinese Americans′ seeking for identity at different times, the author illustrates the social and political significance of the Chin ese culture to Chinese Americans.%華裔的族裔身份(Identity)是美國華裔文學中的一個重要的主題。在不同歷史時期，中國文化在華裔族裔身份定位中起到不同的作用。中國文化對于美國華裔有社會意義和政治意義。中國文化是理解美國華裔族裔身份衍變和現狀的重要因素。
摘要：軟件作為高新技術的組成部分，對其采用著作權、專利權、商標權、技術秘密的綜合法律保護,是促進軟件成果市場化、產業化的重要措施。職務軟件成果的產權的界定與合同管理是維護軟件市場秩序的保障，做好軟件的著作權登記可為享受國家優惠政策和申請獎勵儲備條件。%The produced modes and legal protection of intellectual property (such as copyright，patent right, trademark right, technological secret right, etc.) which is related to software products are dealt with, and the ownership of software property and the copyright registration of software products are studied.